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Facts about Fetal Heart Abnormalities
A fetal heart abnormality refers to a condition whereby the fetus experience premature or early heartbeats that usually go away shortly after birth. Through fetal echocardiography, you can detect early fetal heart abnormalities, which helps in determining the necessity of fast medical or surgical intervention after the baby is born. That will then improve the chances of survival after the birth of babies with severe heart abnormalities.
Fetal heart abnormalities may result when the heart and blood vessels grow abnormally during fetal development, causing blockages and preventing blood flow around the heart as well as the arteries. Failure of the heart and blood vessels to grow properly can also cause abnormal blood travel through the heart and can even cause underdevelopment of parts of the heart.
Fetal heart abnormalities are caused by several factors such as maternal illness, alcohol, other congenital disabilities, and maternal age. Fetal Heart defects have several symptoms in babies such as blue lips and skin caused by the mixing of blue blood from the veins with red blood from the lungs. Another sign of fetal heart abnormality is difficulty in feeding, which is a result of trouble while breathing.
There are several fetal heart defects, including the common ventricular septal defect. The ventricular septal defect affects the ventricles by the formation of a hole between the ventricles, which allows the mixing of oxygenated and deoxygenated blood. The heart of children with this condition works extra harder than normal, which may cause it to enlarge. The symptoms of ventricular septal defect include difficulty in feeding, breathlessness, increased heartbeat as well as unexpected growth rate. In serious conditions, a child may develop a congestive heart failure which exposes them into the risk of developing pneumonia. If the state of ventricular septal defect is not severe, the hole can heal by its self with time through careful monitoring. However, severe conditions will require an open heart surgery whereby the hole is closed, thereby allowing blood to flow, which relieves the burden of the heart.
Another condition fetal heart abnormality is the coarctation of the aorta, which is a condition that causes severe symptoms in the early weeks of a newborn.?The symptoms include breathlessness typically, difficulty breathing, and sometimes even collapsing. In most cases, the coarctation of the aorta condition is not diagnosed in infancy but is discovered later in life, especially during the assessment of high blood pressure. Severe conditions of coarctation of the aorta and that which causes severe symptoms in early infancy are best treated through surgery.
Another condition of the fetal heart abnormalities is the tetralogy of Fallot, which is usually a rare case. The heart of a child suffering from tetralogy Fallot is faced with four primary defects including a ventricular septal defect, blockage of blood flow out of the right ventricle, thickening of the right ventricle’s wall and displacement of the aorta towards the right ventricle. The defects cause the mixing of oxygenated and deoxygenated blood in the heart. The symptoms include blue coloring, which develops in the early life of infancy. The condition is treated through a surgery that helps close the skeptical defect as well as removing the obstruction of blood flow out of the right ventricle.